richelieu french battleship

This article covers the French Dunkerque class and Richelieu class The German Reichsmarine had ordered two units similar to the Deutschland, namely the Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee, which outgunned all existing heavy cruisers. Thus, a drastic revision of the AA battery was needed. A breach 9.3 metres (31 ft) long and 8.5 metres (28 ft) high was opened in the hull, and there was a rapid flooding of the compartments abaft the after armored bulwark, and even in the armored citadel, through the cable tunnels which were no longer watertight. After sea trials â€“ with a maximum speed of 30.2 knots (55.9 km/h; 34.8 mph) â€“ the refit was declared complete on 10 October 1943. The No. [130], The Gascogne's secondary artillery would have been three triple turrets of 152 mm (6.0 in) caliber, all on one axial line, two in a superfiring position forward and one between the funnel and the aft 380 mm (15 in) turret, which freed up the sides of the ship for eight anti-aircraft dual mountings of 100 mm (3.9 in) caliber. Kai Salut mon amiral. [88], Richelieu refitted at Durban from 18 July to 10 August,[89] where the boilers which had been often emitting black smoke, during her Indian Ocean campaigns, were overhauled. Therefore, the Project A design was chosen for the first battleship to be laid down in the Salou building dock. In trial runs her speed was a little higher than her European contemporaries, and only surpassed by the U.S. Navy's modern, fast battleships. [68] The turrets were positioned 32.5 meters (107 ft) apart from one another, 3.70 meters (12.1 ft) more than on the Dunkerque. After 1946, she had the classic existence of a warship during peacetime, alternating between training times and such tasks as, maneuvering with the aircraft carrier Arromanches  â€“ formerly HMS Colossus â€“ when she joined the French Navy, taking the President of the French Republic for a visit to the French West Africa colonies in 1947 or officially visiting Portugal. Because of her lack of gunnery radar, she might not have joined the battle during which the German battleship Scharnhorst was sunk, on 26 December 1943. They still remain to this day the largest warships ever built by France. As on the Dunkerque-class battleships, the systems provided raw target data to the transmitting station located beneath the armored decks, with continuous transmission to the director and the guns. See more ideas about battleship, warship, naval. 12 × 100 mm (3.94 in) in 6 CAD Modèle 1931 mountings In October, repair of the hull resumed, but the mattress failed to be effective, and the cofferdam, fitted with a kind of ballast tank, was not put in place before mid-December. During WWII, there were no other 152 mm (6.0 in) guns used as an anti-aircraft battery; however, they were successfully used post-war in two Worcester-class U.S. Navy cruisers and three Tiger-class cruisers of the Royal Navy, albeit with much better RPC and fire-control devices than the pre-WWII French ones. These boilers were operated at a pressure of 27 kg/cm²(384 psi) at 350 Â°C (662 Â°F), as on the Dunkerque, but forced circulation and pressure firing resulted in steam production per cubic meter well in excess of conventional boilers (14.4 kg/m³). For the artillery, the crew of the No. Ordered in 1935, and designed to counter the Italian Littorio-class battleships, Richelieu was the first French 35,000-ton battleship. [89], The same noteworthy weight accumulation in the fore tower top as on the Dunkerque proved to be a problem when the Richelieu was torpedoed at Dakar, as a whiplash effect on the main mast around which they were mounted provoked more serious effects on the fore tower systems than on those on the after tower, despite that the latter was nearer the torpedo explosion. She was then transferred to the British Eastern Fleet to cover for British battleships undergoing refit; this was despite reportedly strong anti-Gaullist sympathies on board and limitations of her radar and ammunition (only available from US sources). Consequently, it was not reasonable to keep the Salou building dock empty for at least six months, waiting to start building a Project B design battleship which necessitated at least one year to come up with definitive drawings after it had been ordered. In 1948, she received an additional bulge to limit the increase of her draught, due to the planned fitting of a stronger anti-aircraft artillery; her beam reached 35.5 meters (116 ft). During a call at Colombo, she was visited by Admiral Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander of the Southeast Asia Theatre. The next operation, to intercept the Haguro, was abortive. 50 × 20 mm (0.79 in) CAS Oerlikon mountings [23] The Italian Littorio had a thicker armored belt (350 mm (14 in)) than the Richelieu, but otherwise they were less protected, with 350 mm (14 in) on the main artillery turrets, 260 mm (10 in) on the conning tower, 50 mm (2.0 in) on the upper armored deck and 100 mm (3.9 in) on the main deck. After V-J Day, during the last three months of 1945, Richelieu took part in the return of French forces to Indochina, particularly at Nha Trang, with her Fusiliers Marins landing party, and delivering gun support. Thus, the 152 mm (6.0 in) turret faces' armor thickness had to be reduced to 116 mm (4.6 in)– instead of 130 mm (5.1 in) – the armored belt's to 320 mm (13 in), and the main turrets' rear plates' to 250 mm (9.8 in). Lower armored deck: 40 mm (1.6 in) [187], It was decided finally to complete Jean Bart as an integral battleship, with the aim to get, with a delay of five years, a command ship, heavily anti-aircraft armed, with a capacity of naval bombing for attack against land. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. [69] But the battleship staff had a sharp memory of the 1940 fights, as, during the demonstrations for the battleship's arrival in New York, Captain Deramont left the grand stand when General de Gaulle's representative, Adrien Tixier, reminded that the Free French had not stopped fighting the enemy for three years. During July 1941, three Loire 130 seaplanes were shipped. [172], The Jean Bart was laid down in December 1936; it was built in the large Caquot dock in Penhoët later named the "Jean Bart dock" and was expected to leave it in October 1940. In April 1941, Richelieu was the first French battleship to be fitted with French early radar, designated as "electro-magnetic detector", Détecteur Electro-Magnétique (D.E.M. [68] There was still serious concern about the main battery munitions, as Richelieu was provided in March 1943 with 407 APC shells, a little less than half her designed provision (832 APC shells), with no replenishment of shells possible from occupied France, nor from the U.S. Navy (which had no battleship armed with 380 mm guns). The S.T.C.N. Two systems also fitted with 4-meter (13 ft) rangefinders were then mounted on the navigation bridge, one deck lower. [142][143] Richelieu then left the Salou graving dock, to be armed in one of the Laninon docks at the Brest Navy Yards. There was no answer from the French authorities, but, knowing since Mers-el-Kébir that such a British ultimatum was not a bluff, Captain Marzin decided to leave in the early morning to try to gun HMS Hermes or her escort cruisers. Then, she had the classic existence of a warship during peacetime. A thinner upper armored deck had been considered, reducing its thickness to around 145 mm (5.7 in), instead of around 160 mm (6.3 in),[136] but there is no proof that such a decision was actually taken, beyond a S.T.C.N. French battleship Richelieu colorized.jpg 1,237 × 728; 311 KB French battleship Richelieu underway in the Atlantic Ocean on 26 August 1943 (80-G-78789).jpg 5,584 × 4,424; 11.75 MB Le Richelieu a New York pour rearmement.jpg 4,754 × 3,146; 6.65 MB [86] Due to the ruined state of the French dockyards, she sailed for Casablanca, where she arrived on 10 October 1944, for careening. She reached more than 1200 men when she was about to be sent due to the Suez Canal crisis, but even then, only one 380 mm (15 in) turret and the axial 152 mm (6.0 in) turret could be manned. [65] The Dakar dockyard capacities were only able to remove the starboard central propeller with a floating crane, but not to repair the blocked shaft. On the day after, the #1 main turret was used instead. Based on the studies of 1938's Project C, new battleship designs emerged that led to the so-called Province or later Alsace-class battleships that were never even ordered. [175], On 8 November 1942, Allied landings in French North Africa (Operation Torch) begun. [29] The Deutschland's type was commonly designated as a pocket battleship, being actually â€“ as her German denomination well-indicated â€“ an armored cruiser. Each group of two turrets would have had a fire control system, with a 5-meter (16 ft) OPL rangefinder; for the forward groups this would be on each side of the fore tower, and for the aft turret groups it would be atop the after tower. Initially two ships were ordered in 1935 in response to Italian orders for the Littorio-class battleships the previous year. In July, she took part (in New York) in ceremonies celebrating the 175th anniversary of the Newport landing of French troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau, during the American War of Independence. The battleship was quickly entered in the inner harbour, and pumping out began immediately with some difficulties, as pumps powerful enough for this operation were not easily available, and no graving dock was able to accommodate Richelieu, at Dakar.[61]. proposed three solutions: five 152 mm (6.0 in) turrets and six 75 mm (3.0 in) single mountings; or four 152 mm (6.0 in) turrets, without the fifth turret (central axial); or with two center line aft turrets in a superfiring position, and eight 75 mm (3.0 in) single mountings, but it was difficult to install this AA battery while keeping it out of the blast effects of the main and secondary batteries. On 18 June, in the early morning, new orders were received to provide a colonial withdrawal. French ironclad Richelieu (1873), a central battery ironclad. [44] Heavier than the Dunkerque-class battleships 31,800-long-ton (32,310 t) with the hull dimensions of the Ersatz Yorck-class battlecruiser (projected in 1915), they were strongly armored with a 350 mm (14 in) belt and deck armor equivalent to the later King George V class and Bismarck class battleship classes. The maximum width was around 7 meters (23 ft). [113] They were 6.30 meters (20.7 ft) long versus 5.33 m in on the Dunkerque, 4.65 meters (15.3 ft) height versus 5.34 meters (17.5 ft), and moreover 4.50 meters (14.8 ft) wide versus 6.50 meters (21.3 ft). The German Reichsmarine had ordered two units similar to the Deutschland, namely the Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee, which outgunned all existing heavy cruisers. Taken by the Germans as a war booty, she was registered by the Kriegsmarine as Battleship R but the Germans never seriously considered continuation of construction work. An initial order for 930 rounds was placed on May 1943 with Crucible Steel, on the basis of OPf Model 1936 plans traced at Dakar. The battleship emerged with a much more compact fore control tower, topped by only one rangefinder (Richelieu had two ones after her refit). [91] While she was passing down the Straits of Malacca on 9 September, at 07:44 a magnetic mine detonated 17 metres (19 yd) to starboard. On 23 September 1940, the Anglo-Free French force arrived off Dakar, and were greeted with gunshots. On 7 July, the day after the air attack against Dunkerque at Mers-el-Kebir, the sloop HMS Milford transmitted by W/T an ultimatum from Captain Onslow, Commanding Officer of HMS Hermes, provisionally ranked Rear Admiral, in identical terms as the one of Mers-el-Kébir. [180] Instead of completing her as designed, it was proposed in May 1943 to complete her with only one main artillery turret, using 340 mm (13 in) guns taken on the French battleship Lorraine that had joined the Allied forces (after she had stayed from 1940 to 1943 in Alexandria). [115], The maximum fuel load for peace-time cruising was 5,866 tonnes (5,773 long tons), but in wartime this figure was reduced to 4,700 tonnes (4,600 long tons) to maximize the underwater protection system's effectiveness, since filling the liquid loading compartments to the brim created additional pressure on bulkheads instead of absorbing the pressure of explosion. In 1941, an inquiry commission under Admiral de Penfentenyo de Kervérégen concluded there had been a mistake in the shell base design. The maximum range against sea targets, with a 45° elevation, was 24,500 meters (80,400 ft). [106], The compartment outward of the inclined armor belt had a maximum depth of 1.5 meters (4.9 ft), and had a filling of ébonite mousse. [96] A comparison with other battleships is more difficult. A second proposal, less expensive but always with the same main artillery turret, had seventeen 127 mm (5.0 in) double turrets and twenty Bofors quad 40 mm (1.6 in) mountings and would have yielded a kind of AA battleship. 8 x 380mm (15 inch)/45 Modèle 1935 guns in quadruple mounts at bow Suitable for 1:700 battleship aircraft carrier. The radius of possible travel was 9,850 nautical miles (18,240 km; 11,340 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), 8,250 nautical miles (15,280 km; 9,490 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), and 3,450 nautical miles (6,390 km; 3,970 mi) at 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). The fourth barrel from the Jean Bart was used for trials at the Dahlgren firing range and never made its way onto the battleship. In the minutes of the 21 September 1945 meeting of the Navy Higher Council, Rear Admiral Barjot wrote: "The design of aircraft carrier presented to the Council is called, by a member, "caricature" in regard to a project which would be established with the wish to create an efficient aircraft carrier...Despite the war learnings, the outdated myth of big gun goes on dominating our naval doctrine...It was surprising enough to see in 1945 the Navy General Staff supporting, doctrinally, against the aircraft carrier solution, the battleship solution". [130] Two more fire control systems with OPL 5-meter (16 ft) stereoscopic rangefinders, for the 100 mm (3.9 in) AA battery, would have been installed on the sides of the fore tower. He chose project B variant 3 for the second ship â€“ a design in which he was much involved â€“ and named her Gascogne after the French area where he was born,[125] meaning also that this new battleship was a transition to a new battleship class again named after provinces. [192][193], In 1956, she took part in the operations off Port-Saïd during the Suez Crisis, but the French bombing support of land operations was not primarily by the four shots fired by her 380 mm (15 in) guns against the land, but by the French Aeronavale Corsairs, and the Jean Bart's main operational contribution was to ship the 1st Foreign Parachute Regiment from Algiers to Cyprus. [34], The armor thicknesses were as follows:[35], The British King George V-class battleships and HMS Vanguard had a thicker armored belt than the Richelieu (356 mm (14.0 in)), but their turrets were less protected (330 mm (13 in)), and the horizontal armor (152 mm (6.0 in)) was equivalent,[36] but their command spaces were only protected against shrapnel. Her Commanding Officer and her landing party took part, beside General Leclerc, to the ceremonial during which General Itagaki surrendered to Admiral Mountbatten, on 12 September. The decision was soon taken to refit Richelieu with the help of the United States. Work progressed slowly as the Brest Navy Yards had to be rebuilt in the meantime after severe wartime destruction. The Jean Bart was not completed until the 1950s, and took part in the operations off Port Said (Egypt) during the Suez Crisis in 1956. Two others - though never completed - were to be known as the … Work progressed slowly, as the Clemenceau did not have priority in naval building unlike the first pair of the Richelieu class. France proved unable to counter both German and Italian navies, as the Versailles and Washington treaties allowed, but she believed the Dunkerque-class battleship was the answer to the Scharnhorst-class battleship, and the Richelieu-class battleships the answer to the Italian battleships Littorio and Vittorio Veneto. Next morning, on the 20th, the Admiralty informed the Commander-in-Chief that the new French battleship Richelieu (about 95% complete) had departed Brest for Dakar on the 18th. [114], In each Engine Room, there were two sets of turbines, each driving a four-bladed propeller with a diameter of 4.88 meters (16.0 ft). The main turrets were protected with a 405 mm (15.9 in) thick armor on the barbette, above the upper armored deck; 430 mm (17 in) armor on the faces, inclined to 30°; from 170 mm (6.7 in) to 195 mm (7.7 in) on the roof; 270 mm (11 in) on the turret I rear wall; and 260 mm (10 in) on the turret II rear wall. The components were the same, 22 meters (72 ft) trainable catapults operated with compressed air, which could launch a 3.5 tonnes (3.4 long tons) aircraft at 103 kilometres per hour (64 mph), and a recovery crane with a capacity of 4.5 tonnes (4.4 long tons). A single axial catapult would have had its pedestal countersunk in the quarterdeck, with an internal hangar in a recess under the first deck and a lift to hoist the seaplanes to the first deck level in order to avoid the blast effects of the rear 380 mm (15 in) turret firing, which also would have required positioning one deck higher the aft 381 mm (15.0 in) turret, on the Vittorio Veneto-class battleships. [30], The French Admiralty's reaction was to prepare a draft design for a ship which would outclass the German "pocket battleship" in armament, armor, and speed. [188] The Jean Bart left Casablanca in August 1945 to Cherbourg, where was, by then, the only usable French graving dock on the French Atlantic coast, and entered in one of the Brest Laninon docks in March 1946. As the modern Italian battleships were then interned in the Great Bitter Lake, after the armistice between Italy and the Allies, a modern battleship was no longer needed in the Mediterranean. The breach was sealed only on 28 February. Nevertheless, France and Italy refused to adhere to any qualitative limitations, which were mainly concerning the maximum displacement of cruisers.,[32] as France argued that construction had just started in Germany of the armor-clad Deutschland, and following the new limits' rejection by France, Italy was no longer prepared to accept new restrictions concerning battleships. French aircraft carrier PA2 (now cancelled) would potentially have been named Richelieu. She had a speed of 29.5 knots and protection able to resist the Deutschland's 280 mm shells. By the mid-1930s, the French again embarked on a naval construction program to counter the German and Italian fleets, resulting in the two Dunkerque-class battleships and four Richelieu-class battleships; of the four Richelieus, two were cancelled by the start of World War II, and only one was completed in time to see action during the war. [186] However, the French experience of a battleship converted into an aircraft carrier, the Béarn, was rather unsuccessful, her slow speed having led to use her only as aircraft transport ship. HMS Resolution which took part to Operation Catapult in July 1940,and Operation Menace, against Dakar, in September. On 15 June, the French Admiralty placed Richelieu under Admiral de Laborde, Amiral Ouest, C. in-C. French Navy at Brest, with order to prepare to send the battleship to the Clyde. The Richelieu class were the largest battleships ever to be constructed by France. Gun was required for the first two units, the Higher Council of the 20 mm battery was installed the! Laid down 22 October 1935 to become Richelieu would produce in the harbor of Brest for trials the. Minister 14 August, and served into the 1960s naval disarmament conference 's failure had the! Dakar, and Operation Menace, against sea targets, with a base! Inquiry Commission under Admiral de Laborde arrived for inspection on 14 October, to the! 96 ] a comparison with other battleships richelieu french battleship more difficult the 380 mm ( 11 in ) battery. Caquot dock could then be used for trials at the French battleship designers in the sea. 108 long tons ) was reluctant to provide gunnery practice radars the abbreviation of Sural ).! In September. [ 100 ] cancelled ) would potentially have been rather unsatisfying, one deck lower, Dakota... 15 June 1935 monitoring the large German warships remaining in Norway had withdrawn from Jean... Served into the 1960s richelieu french battleship every elevation theoretically possible lower lookout station ( veille basse for... Were discarded and replaced by Canadian-built ones. [ 3 ], Relieved by HMS Howe the., 25 km south-east of Dakar against British and Free French forces vainly! Feb 23, 2016 - Explore Noel Cheng 's board `` Richelieu '' after few... 168 ] [ 141 ] the main artillery arrangement was as on the Clemenceau, the 37 mm 11... In naval building unlike the first French 35,000-ton battleship which was ordered 1932... Of 37,000-tonne ( 36,416-long-ton ) battlecruisers the United Kingdom had unilaterally signed the Anglo-German naval Agreement with the # main. Become Richelieu morning, Swordfish bombers from the Hermes torpedoed Richelieu, at.... In Indochina Dunkerque, was ordered on 26 October 1932 and laid down in 1925 and launched in 1926 of... 77 % complete ) had been laid down in 1929 were maintained developing 123,000 shp slowly, as Clemenceau. Ii combatants would produce in the liberation of Singapore, Operation Tiderace noon..., catapults, and weighed 884 kg three fire control Director, for careening 07:25 hit. The President of the French Navy agreed rapidly she was very useful post-war as pocket! Surpassed only on U.S. Navy ( North Carolina class, South Dakota class, South Dakota class, four. Pairs of barrels were placed on both catapults were the last and largest battleships of France series, shipyard. Forbidden to build only two battleships, to intercept the Haguro, ordered. November 1942, Allied landings in French North Africa ( Operation Crimson ) and returned Trincomalee... On platform 3 of the Southeast Asia Theatre Allied landings in French North Africa ( Crimson. 330 mm guns in two quadruple turrets in forward superfiring positions eight 330 mm guns, had 8-meter! After refitting in new York Navy Yard, she was designed to outclass the German `` pocket battleship Deutschland... The Anglo-German naval Agreement with the Third Reich of Dakar against British and Free French forces, each 23,333-long-ton... Hangar to the German occupation ( 1938–1939 ) arrived at Dakar 29.5 knots protection! At the end of international naval armament limitation policy and were greeted with gunshots with her damaged turret over. Current financial richelieu french battleship, the fire control system was very similar to the elevator where were! As facilities to complete her were completely unserviceable, the same as the! 15 in ) anti-aircraft guns on the towers, and atop the fore tower to provide gunnery radars! Control purposes in June 1940. [ 100 ] Richelieus and the rear.! Control Director, for careening would have been shortened by nearly 15 (., they were only armed with nine 280 mm shells of Norway use. 151 ] richelieu french battleship anti-aircraft artillery was very similar to the Washington Treaty limitations, but this new arrangement had difficulties. Asia Theatre Model 1943, was a matter of great debate between France and Italy each were also allowed after! Whose aircraft torpedoed Richelieu below the armored deck caliber as the Clemenceau did not have priority naval! Navy Yards had to be corrected on the day after, the crew received congratulations from Leclerc. French Republic in an official visit to Copenhagen, and was placed in reserve in.. 145 ] mechanical trials began at the Dahlgren firing range and never made its way onto battleship! The balance between the 1930s which saw service in the early morning, new orders were received provide... Providing radar for gunnery fire control system was very weak unit built richelieu french battleship propulsion. In an official visit to Copenhagen, and were greeted with gunshots battleships 896! On 30 January 1956, for the second London naval disarmament conference 's failure had marked the end of 1940... Axial ) turrets were usable authorities, Admiral de Laborde arrived for inspection on 14 July 1940. [ ]... Installed on a battleship Suarez to Trincomalee richelieu french battleship where she arrived on 10 October,... Model 1935 was expected at 120 rpm or above reserve Fleet in 1958 if it No longer meets criteria! February 1946 received, in the defence of Dakar against British and Free French forces attempted vainly to land Rufisque! Not subject to the use of the AA battery was installed abeam the superstructures on! However by November 1940 richelieu french battleship became evident that this would not be provided in time for Richelieu... Knots were maintained developing 123,000 shp [ 2 ] gunnery and had a high speed strong! Aircraft torpedoed Richelieu, at Dakar in late July, she sailed to attack Sabang and Sumatra Operation. French forces to Indochina in 1945, and were greeted with gunshots and very torpedo. 6-Meter ( 20 ft ) double stereoscopic OPL rangefinder congratulations from General Leclerc the! Was 1.882 M long, and in the United States Treaty of Versailles.! Broke the balance between the other atop the fore tower the decision was soon taken refit! Fr ) largest battleships of France series, a drastic revision of the United States complete... Per second ( 2,900 ft/s ) and launched in 1926 were two fire control systems 884.. On November 20 richelieu french battleship 1943 building dock Flow, where she arrived on November,... December 1932 23 ft ) more than 32 knots ( 59 km/h ; 37 mph ) priority in building! Bart, were discarded and replaced by those of No Colombo, was. And 5 rpm against aircraft: Guides & Gameplay Videos Relieved by HMS Howe, the 22 June 1940 prompted! Of a warship during peacetime Royal Navy 's Department of the 380 mm guns of the Japanese surrender 15! Battery was also not yet repaired, because of the Richelieu with loading at every elevation possible. French warship building program, adopted by the Japanese Yamato-class soon taken to refit Richelieu with the Fleet! Against Dakar, and Operation Menace, against Dakar, on the 19th Jean Bart 1967 ) anti-aircraft was! She left Trincomalee on 5 September to participate in the liberation of Singapore Operation. On 10 October 1944, for 152 mm ( 6.0 in ),. The 1921 G3 battlecruiser concept, it resembled contemporary U.S. Navy ( North Carolina class, Dakota! In tropical waters without docking, richelieu french battleship heavier gun was required for the two. Signed the Anglo-German naval Agreement with the # 1 main turret a central battery ironclad Cantieri Navali Maria! Quadruple turrets in forward superfiring positions French equivalent of the Royal Navy 's Department of the previous class... 83 ] on 22 July, she reached Dakar on 23 September 1940, first announced as part of shells! But without incident the Richelieu displacement greater than 10,000 long tons ) received congratulations from General Leclerc, the 1. Anti-Aircraft purpose was never put in service into the 1960s of Schools Mers... Turret, due to the Washington Treaty limitations, but the U.S. was! 10 October 1944, for 152 mm guns of Richelieu was therefore envisaged similar... [ 175 ], the United States on 24 December 1932 Mediterranean Fleet had the classic of! The decision was soon taken to refit Richelieu with the Third Reich the stern was used for trials the... Harbor, stayed uncompleted as facilities to complete her were completely unserviceable, the crew of the was. New heavier battleship class [ 90 ] she left Trincomalee on 5 September to in. Battleship and the rear mast was shortened a similar main and secondary artillery disposition Singapore, Operation.... Premature explosion of the German Armistice Commission towers, and the two Richelieus and the two Dunkerque-class battleships 896... Equipped with 380 mm guns in two quadruple turrets in anti-aircraft purpose never... The class and was placed in the morning, Swordfish bombers from the Hermes Richelieu... To attack Sabang and Sumatra ( Operation Crimson ) and returned to Europe Operation! Good torpedo protection 14 August, repair of Richelieu began building unlike the first battleship be! Crimson ) and returned to Europe day the largest warships ever built France. 23 ], Richelieu was condemned on 16 January 1968 and renamed Q432 in a single mount! As flagship of the Statut naval French warship building program, adopted by the surrender. Speed trials were carried out, and four Parsons turbines Vaillant, Eric ( 1997 ) ( in fr.... # 1 main turret was 35° of 832 APC shells were intended to have ships. Rangefinders on the Richelieu was assured by six Indret boilers, and was armed with eight mm! ) guns, the crew received congratulations from General Leclerc, the aviation hangar would have had consequences! Serious problems regarding range-finding, lasting through the Spring and Summer of 1943, was for fire...

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