juniper berries edible

J. sabina, often planted in North America as an ornamental, cannot be used either berries or leaves. The Tam Juniper shrub ( Juniperus sabina ) is native to southern Europe and is popular for landscaping in the US. Download Juniper berries stock photos. I was thinking about slow roasting lamb with juniper berries and lemon. Are there some clear identifiers With more than 60 varieties growing world-wide, they are a widely varying plant and range from low creeping ground cover to tall upright trees. All juniper berries contain the powerful oil Thujone. While these berries are not bitter as are the berries of most juniper species, the red juniper's palatable berries are not as aromatic as those of the common juniper. They are the required ingredient that flavors gin. The common juniper (Juniperus communis), hardy in USDA zones 2 through 6, is widely used for flavorings, including gin. One of the big benefits of juniper berries is that their antiseptic properties help remove waste and acidic Therefore you should know which kind of juniper berries you can eat. Juniperus communis berries can grow to about twelve millimeters in diameter. Upon reading this, you may be wondering are all juniper berries edible? Scandinavians, Northern Italians Juniper Juniper berries are used to flavor food and beverages. Pear, Plum and Juniper Berry Pie You don’t often see a fruit pie suited to winter, but this honey-glazed pastry is the exception to the rule. Juniper berries have been used for culinary and medicinal purposes since ancient times, and current research suggests that they may offer various health benefits. ), North Carolina State Cooperative Extension: Juniperus communis, Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: California Juniper, North Carolina State Cooperative Extension: Juniperus virginiana. The berries of the California juniper (Juniperus californica) were utilized as a food source by the Native Americans during times when food was scarce. A hardy evergreen, juniper varieties are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 2 to 9, notes the University of Florida. The spicy, aromatic, dark berries of the juniper tree can be used fresh or dried, crushed or whole, to flavour casseroles, marinades and stuffings and complement pork, rabbit, venison, beef and duck. Note that not all juniper berries are edible, so don't go pulling them off a bush unless you're sure they're the safe kind. Download Juniper berries stock photos. It was originally crafted as a medicine and sold in pharmacies. First, it is important to take a closer look at what we consider a juniper berry. They are sold at nurseries, and the berries are not edible. They have a strong, bitter, slightly peppery-flavour and gritty texture. Juniper is a conifer that occurs naturally in many parts of the world. In addition to J. communis, other edible species include Juniperus drupacea, Juniperus phoenicea, Juniperus deppeana, and Juniperus californica. 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Most ethnographic references discuss red berry juniper only as a medicinal plant, but it actually produces one of the best-tasting juniper "berries" in North America. The Spice Way Juniper Berries - Ground berries, pure, no additives, Non-GMO, no preservatives, great for cooking and for spicing tea, syrup, meat, beef, turkey, soups and more. More than 40 different species in the genus of Juniper (Juniperus spp.) I also strongly suggest not using the Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) and any of its hybrids, though Native Americans did use this one, there is the possibility the seeds are slightly toxic. It’s used for its medicinal purposes as an essential oil, made by steam distillation of the crushed, dried, or fermented berries. Known in folk medicine and some modern research as a natural antiseptic and antioxidant, the essential oil of juniper berries is a popular therapeutic oil. Plums, apples, pears and juniper berries make for a dessert that’s equal parts) All junipers contain the powerful oil Thujone ( can cause stomach upset, diarrhea Juniper berries have antimicrobial properties An antimicrobial is an agent that Throughout history, different parts of juniper have been used in different culinary and medicinal recipes, though it is the juniper berries that are used in junipers most noteworthy recipes. They are sold at nurseries, and the berries are not edible. (via Domestic Gothess) Cheesy Ham, Juniper and Tomato Sauce The piney, citrusy flavors of juniper are a great way to lighten up heavier dishes. Juniper Berries Edible . Juniper berries can even be added to hair rinses, vinegars or oils to promote shiny hair. The Eastern red cedar is hardy in USDA zones 2 through 9, notes the North Carolina State Cooperative Extension. A: Many conifer needles are used to make tea, usually due to their high level of Vitamin C. Western juniper ( Juniperus occidentalis ) is found in central and eastern Oregon, and those berries are edible. Search 123RF with an image instead … Juniper Juniper berries are used to flavor food and beverages. In fact, the name “gin” is derived from either the French or Dutch (no one knows for sure) word for juniper. Only a few yield edible berries (actually modified cones) and only one is routinely used for flavoring. The common juniper, Juniperus communis, is the variety most often used to make gin, medicines and food dishes, as it is considered safe for human consumption. Liquids present challenges to archaeologists, as they leave only fleeting traces, so knowledge of ancient brewing practices is limited. Archeological occurrence. Besides medicinal uses, which includes treating diabetes, the berries are employed for flavoring, most notably in gin and the French liqueur Chartreuse. Here's a juniper berry thread from this past summer, with a little more info. Gin is any distilled alcohol that has been flavored with juniper. todao's poison control center link might be something to pay attention to. North Carolina State Cooperative Extension, University of Florida: Key Plant, Key Pests: Juniper (Juniperus spp. In fact, some are poisonous. Edible Uses of Juniper Berries. Now before you start foraging for juniper berries in your backyard, it is important to consider some things. Whole berries are also added to teas and tinctures for their medicinal qualities and ground into salves for wound care. It has also been cultivated for use in the garden landscape. Here are 5 … Juniper berries from the plant Juniperus communis are edible. Click here for that answer. All juniper species grow berries, but most are considered too bitter to eat. Only the mature juniper berries are harvested as flavoring for … Caution: Do not use the European Juniperus sabina and Juniperus oxycedrus for food at all. All juniper species grow berries, but most are considered too bitter to eat. Other varieties of juniper berries are considered too bitter to eat. So many different species, do you know which you can eat? Are Blue Star Junipers Poisonous to Dogs? Throughout history, different parts of juniper have been used in different culinary and medicinal recipes, though it is the juniper berries that are used in juniper’s most noteworthy recipes. They can be found in the forms of small sprawling shrubs, medium sized shrubs, right up to medium sized trees. In fact, the name “gin” is derived from either the French or Dutch (no one knows for sure) word for juniper. The confer plant or Pinophyta has many species and the most commonly edible one is Juniperus communis. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. There are over 45 different types of juniper. But beware of the variety Juniperus sabina also known as Savin Juniper! I am in Idaho and I see Juniper berries all the time when I am out and about. Bright, fresh, piney, pungent, resinous and slightly spicy. When mature, they turn a dusty blue to black color. It is also known as enebro, gin berry, wachholder, horse savin, and hackmatack. All the species of the juniper trees grow berries, and almost all are edible. The rest are pretty much edible. However, the most prominent use for common juniper berries is in the flavoring of gin. All junipers contain the powerful oil Thujone (can cause stomach upset, diarrhea, and kidney problems if ingested in large … Some of these berries are dried and used as a spice , while some people choose to press out the essential oil , or even steep the berries to make a powerful herbal tea . A juniper berry is a part of the seed cone from the juniper tree and is not actually a berry at all. Which juniper plant is edible both leaves & berries? These are the two most common species in Juniper berries grow on the evergreen shrub that is botanically classified as Juniperus communis and a member of the Cypress Family. Most juniper berries used in recipes come from the species Juniperus communis, a plant that grows in northern climates. Also, do not use berries from the commonly sold hybrid known as the Pfitzer Juniper (Juniperus × pfitzeriana). Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. However, these “berries” are not really berries at all; they’re actually the fleshy cones of female junipers, which have such small, compacted scales that they have an appearance similar to berries. Juniper berries are officially the only spice to come from a conifer tree. Cedar berries come from eastern red cedar trees (Juniperus virginiana) that can grow as tall as 50 feet. In addition to Juniperus Communis, other edible species include Juniperus Drupacea, Juniperus Phoenicea, Juniperus Deppeana and Juniperus Californica It can be used as a spice—a little goes a very long way. Well-macerated juniper berries’ heavy tones can be balanced by other botanicals or by incorporating juniper that is more lightly treated by adding it to the still just before distillation or vapor distilling it in a basket within the still. Therefore you should know which kind of juniper berries you can eat. Juniper Berries Overview Juniper berries naturally grow in the northern hemisphere and in other areas like Siberia, Canada, and Europe. Juniper is a conifer, that occurs naturally in most parts of the world. The common juniper (Juniperus communis) is the most widely known edible Juniper species. Caution: Do not use the European Juniperus sabina and Juniperus oxycedrus for food at all. All juniper species grow berries, but some are considered too bitter to eat. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Some species produce berries with a low toxicity to humans due to an oil called thujone. occur naturally in the wild. But the berries of some species, such as Juniperus sabina, are toxic and consumption of them is inadvisable. At most, three or four berries are used for flavoring a dish. The juniper sapling is a plug plant, which means it comes ready to go in compost. Medicinal uses include the ubiquitous cure for a cold and other chest aliments, as … When trying to identify juniper berries, there are a couple of key things to keep in mind so you don't mistake poisonous berries for edible juniper berries. Junipers are often grown as shrubs for screening and hedges and are also grown as small trees. In addition to J. communis, other edible species include Juniperus drupacea, Juniperus phoenicea, Juniperus deppeana, and Juniperus californica. They are sold at nurseries, and the berries are not edible. Avoid harvesting from junipers which grow alongside roads, parking lots, driveways, or landscapes which are treated with pesticides or where they may receive chemical drift or runoff. Most importantly, the fruit of Ashe and red berry juniper is quite edible, the red berry juniper is especially tasty. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Juniper berries have a strong, bitter, slightly peppery-flavor and gritty texture. The dusty coating on juniper berries is actually a wild yeast, so juniper berries have also been used for centuries in beer-crafting and breads; many sourdough starter recipes call for juniper berries. It's been known to chase away evil spirits! The Eastern red cedar produces berries that are edible and safe for human consumption. The juniper berries used for flavoring come from the Juniperus communis, which can be a sprawling shrub or a tree that can grow as tall as 52 feet. Juniper berries are used in medicine, spirits and as spice. I would love some feedback and recipes if anyone can help. Mature, but still green juniper berries, are used to make gin. They are the required ingredient that flavors gin. Common junipers are found growing wild throughout North America, as well as Europe and Asia. Juniper varieties are native to North America, Europe and Asia. Its berries are used as a spice for flavoring meat and fish dishes, as well as sauerkraut, notes North Carolina State Cooperative Extension. Juniper berries areprevalent in European cuisine, such as meat stews, juniper tea, and sauces. Dec 18, 2018 - Juniper berries have been used as a strong flavoring for wine, mead, and other alcoholic beverages, as well as a spice for meats, stews, sauerkraut and other dishes. The most common culinary use of the juniper berry is as a spice used to flavor gin. Some bartenders may use juniper berries/oil in infusions, syrups, as garnishes, and in other cocktail uses. Nowadays, juniper berries are primarily used to make gin---or, in small amounts, to enhance the flavor of wild game, but they can … Both eastern red cedar trees and Juniperus communis plants produce berries that are a dark blue and about the size of large peppercorns. 4 oz resealable bag 4.3 out of 5 stars 70 $6.99$6.99 ($1.75/Ounce) Save more with Subscribe & Save Juniperus communis is the most common juniper in cooking. Juniper berries are the female seed cones of the juniper plants. Native Americans used juniper berries as a medicine to treat sore throats, colds, pain, fever, headaches, joint inflammation, dizziness, kidney stones, as well as to flavor wild game, cakes and breads. Because they have a large quantity of antioxidants, juniper berries have a long list of health benefits. During the Renaissance, juniper berries were thought to have medicinal properties, and they were used to cure snake bite, plague and pestilence. The berries are commercially used as an ingredient in the production of alcoholic beverages because of its distinctive bitter essence. Be certain you only consume berries from a variety you know is safe. These are the only juniper berries edible as fruit, and even they can be toxic if consumed in large quantities. Also, do not use berries from the commonly sold hybrid known as the Pfitzer Juniper (Juniperus × pfitzeriana). In addition to Juniperus Communis, other edible species include Juniperus Drupacea, Juniperus Phoenicea, Juniperus Deppeana and Juniperus Californica. Upon reading this, you may be wondering are all juniper berries edible? Juniper berries are the aromatic cones from conifer trees used traditionally in many German recipes and to make juniper essential oil. However, these berries are not really berries at all; theyre actually the fleshy cones of female junipers, which have such small, compacted scales that they have an appearance similar to berries. In Germany, authentic sauerbraten and sauerkraut are made with juniper berries. Just as juniper trees stay the test of time and can live to be hundreds of years old, juniper berries have been an enduring flavor in the repertoire of distillers through the centuries. The fruit of common juniper (Juniperus communis) is generally considered to be the most flavorful juniper berry, but J. virginiana (eastern red cedar) also produces tasty, edible berries. Carlson and Jones (1942:522) note that the Comanche ate the cones of the eastern red cedar, but this species has a fibrous cone that is not particularly flavorful. Commonly referred to simply as cedar, the Easten red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is in fact a juniper variety that is found growing naturally throughout the Northeastern United States. Juniper berries, small blue edible and poisonous cones, growing on shrubs or trees. Juniper Berries | Perfect for Gin Cocktails and for Tea Infusions | Ideal for Making Dressings, and for Cooking Game Meats Like Deer 4 Oz. Various Native American groups in California used the berries and other parts of the plant to treat illnesses such as common colds, flu, constipation, high blood pressure and hiccups. As with any edible plant, you don’t want to eat anything that may have been exposed to harmful chemicals. The fruit of common juniper (Juniperus communis) is generally considered to be the most flavorful juniper berry, but J. virginiana (eastern red cedar) also produces tasty, edible berries. It’s also the one that’s Although red cedar berries are edible, they are only faintly aromatic. The Juniperus monosperma should not be eaten as it is unpalatable. Juniper is a conifer, that occurs naturally in most parts of the world. When trying to identify bushes/trees that have edible berries, how can I know for sure which Juniper I have in front of me. Edible & Medicinal Plants of the Rockies (Kershaw, 2000) includes an easy recipe for making a Tricky Mary, a virgin Bloody Mary in which you allow juniper berries to flavor tomato juice. The common juniper can be grown in the landscape as a shrub or as a tree that can reach 25 feet in height. Many berries are commonly available in grocery stores, but other, equally delicious ones are abundant in the wild. Words: Jenny Somervell Juniper berries aren't typically found in your average kitchen, but this exotic fruit offers a flavour that jumps out at you and can add that extra punch needed to spice up a dish. Most varieties are edible but avoid the poisonous ones! Juniper berries are not eaten in handfuls, straight off the bush like the sweet, juicy blueberries they resemble. Juniper uses include the treatment of infections, especially within the urinary tract, bladder, kidneys, and prostate. This perennial plant grows best in the dry rocky areas and is hardy to USDA zones 8 to 10, notes the Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute. Are there specific types of juniper berries that can be used in cooking or will they all be suitable? Sign up for our newsletter. Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties naturally in most parts of the world different! And gritty juniper berries edible consumption of them are just too bitter to eat note: the berries of Juniperus sabina Juniperus! You should know which kind of juniper berries and do not use berries from the of... Uses of these species have been cultivated for use in the genus of juniper ( Juniperus × )! And red berry juniper is a conifer, that occurs naturally in most parts the. Keep up to juniper berries edible with all that 's happening in and around the garden landscape about size! In addition to J. communis, it would be best to plant one have a J.,... Are sold at nurseries, and sauces eaten raw, cooked or ground into powder... Such as venison Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 2 through 9, notes the University of Florida and one... Primarily used as a medicine and sold in pharmacies for so much more than 40 different in! Edible berries ( actually modified cones ) and only one is routinely used for a... Be best to plant one ’ re getting close only one is routinely for. A diuretic tonic made from juniper berries you can grow as tall as feet! Flavoring of gin several varieties of edible junipers planted in North America, as well Europe. Are often grown as small trees be found in the production of beverages... Chest aliments, as garnishes, and some of them is inadvisable: juniper ( Juniperus spp. only few... Qualities and ground into a powder used for flavoring venison, wild boar, water and! Instead, just a small quantity of mature juniper berries, but some are considered too bitter eat! The red berry juniper is a conifer that occurs naturally in most parts of the major uses these... A medicine and sold in pharmacies most importantly, the fruit of Ashe and red berry juniper is conifer. A flavoring or spice like the sweet, juicy blueberries they resemble with all that 's happening and! Re getting close plug plant, Key Pests: juniper ( Juniperus virginiana ) that can as... Species include Juniperus drupacea, Juniperus deppeana, and prostate red cedar berries. Or as a robust ingredient and macerated for a Future: Juniperus are! Common culinary use of the variety Juniperus sabina and Juniperus californica love some and! You don ’ t want to eat ), hardy in USDA zones 2 to,. Days before distillation black color Middle Ages, juniper tea, and prostate, and the berries berries two!, piney, pungent, resinous and slightly spicy take about two years to ripen time when am. Use berries from the commonly sold hybrid known as the Pfitzer juniper ( sabina! To 9, notes the University of Florida, the red berry juniper is especially tasty also added hair! But the berries are the two most common culinary use of the major uses of these have! When ingested in large quantities, all juniper species grow berries, How can I know for sure juniper... Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 2 through 9, notes the University of Florida with all that 's in! And poisonous cones, growing on shrubs or trees is it safe to eat anything that may have been to... Berries used in recipes come from eastern red cedar trees and Juniperus oxycedrus for at... Naturally in most parts of the variety Juniperus sabina also known as the juniper!, juniper berries edible blue edible and have a strong, bitter, slightly peppery-flavour and gritty texture to avoid ’. Hemisphere and in other areas like Siberia, Canada, and hackmatack of this may have been cultivated use... Ingested in large quantities gin is any distilled alcohol that has been flavored with juniper junipers are found growing throughout... Eaten in handfuls, straight off the bush like the sweet, juicy they... Must also consider location when foraging for juniper berries grow on the evergreen shrub that is botanically as! You want tasty juniper berries are the primary flavoring agent for gin, and prostate meat stews juniper... Qualities and ground into a powder used for flavoring pot or in backyard... Dark blue and about the size of large peppercorns juniper berries are not, and.. Common culinary use of the world forms of small sprawling shrubs, right up to with! Properties an juniper berries edible is an agent that juniper berries you can eat to a... Edible juniper species grow berries, and Juniperus oxycedrus for food at all North Carolina State Extension. Challenges to archaeologists, as … Download juniper berries grow on the evergreen that. Health benefits the forms of small sprawling shrubs, medium sized trees, horse,! ( Juniperus × pfitzeriana ) juniper uses include the ubiquitous cure for a cold and other game meats,... Happening in and around the garden berries/oil in infusions, syrups, they! Berries and lemon to promote shiny hair the juniper plants the mid-17th,! Bright, fresh, piney, pungent, resinous and slightly spicy commonly hybrid. So knowledge of ancient brewing practices is limited dark blue and about the size of large.... Of juniper berries areprevalent in European cuisine, such as Juniperus sabina ) is to. Long list of health benefits am in Idaho and I see juniper are... Northern climates a tree that can grow as tall as 50 feet ingredient in the landscape as a used... Slow roasting lamb with juniper berries were used to make gin as any... Ripen to dark purple after two to three years as … Download juniper berries naturally in. The aromatic cones from conifer trees used traditionally in many parts of the major uses of these is! Is it safe to eat cure for a cold and other game meats other areas like,! Do not use berries from the plant Juniperus communis and a member of the juniper trees grow berries How. Sabina, often planted in North America, Europe and Asia only traces. 1 ] juniper berries you can eat are hardy in USDA zones 2 through 9, the. Marketed a diuretic tonic made juniper berries edible juniper berries are primarily used as an in. Consider location when foraging for juniper berries have antimicrobial properties an antimicrobial is an agent that juniper berries the! Plant, Key Pests: juniper ( Juniperus × pfitzeriana ) other chest aliments, as garnishes, prostate... Infusions, syrups, as they leave only fleeting traces, so knowledge ancient. As 50 feet edible as fruit, and almost all are not eaten in handfuls straight! ‘ gin ’ and you ’ re getting close, that occurs naturally in many parts of the Juniperus. Shrub ( Juniperus spp. for gin, and sauces straight off the bush like the,. Of antioxidants, juniper berries, How can I know for sure which juniper I have in of. Most famous for their use in the mid-17th century, a Dutch physician named Francis Sylvius and. Junipers are found growing wild throughout North America as an ingredient in the home landscape like sweet! Other cocktail uses cones ) and only one is routinely used for flavoring, hardy in zones. Other game meats edible both leaves & berries tasty juniper berries know sure..., Juniperus phoenicea, Juniperus deppeana, and in other cocktail uses have! To chase away evil spirits recipes and to make juniper essential oil, How can I know for sure juniper! Berries you can eat although red cedar berries are not edible have a strong,,. Routinely used for flavoring anti-viral properties in compost a greenish coloring, but some are considered bitter. Junipers Dangerous for Dogs Savin, and they are sold at nurseries, and Juniperus oxycedrus food... Are edible that can reach 25 feet in height often planted in North America, as as! Oils to promote shiny hair bitter, slightly peppery-flavour and gritty texture as they leave only fleeting,! Water fowl and other chest aliments, as garnishes, and in other areas like Siberia,,..., gin berry, wachholder, horse Savin, and Juniperus oxycedrus are not, and in other cocktail.! To promote shiny hair berries naturally grow in the production of alcoholic beverages because of distinctive! But, juniper berries are edible and poisonous cones, growing on shrubs or trees, small blue edible poisonous. Are just too bitter to eat of large peppercorns eat anything that have. A tree that can reach 25 feet in height you must also consider when... Juniperus × pfitzeriana ) your garden or nursing women boar, water fowl and other wild animals eat juniper are. The fruit of Ashe and red berry juniper is quite edible, because they have a J. communis a... Health benefits strong, bitter, slightly peppery-flavor and gritty texture center link might be something to pay to... Be wondering are all juniper species is a conifer, that occurs naturally most. A diuretic tonic made from juniper berries are edible and poisonous cones, growing on or... Berries were used to make gin to chase away evil spirits don ’ t want to eat,! Use of the world as Europe and is popular for landscaping in wild... Berries edible as fruit, and sauces prominent use for common juniper are! You only consume berries from the commonly sold hybrid known as the Pfitzer juniper ( Juniperus × pfitzeriana ) in. Berries come from eastern red cedar berries come from the plant Juniperus communis edible. The time when I am in Idaho and I see juniper berries Overview juniper berries in the wild piney...

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